Se impusieron temas, cuestiones y perspectivas referidas a La historia poltica y del poder tales como rituales, simbolismo y relaciones entre estructuras sociales y regmenes polticos , la historia cultural y el giro antropolgico que pusieron el acento en la documentacin de tipo narrativo, en la ampliacin de las fuentes y su renovada interpretacin de los textos exegticas principalmente , la nueva historia econmica y social que plantearon la movilidad social y econmica de aquellos tiempos, dinamizados fundamentalmente a partir del comercio. Julia Smith4 considera que son esenciales los estudios de discursos, lenguajes y literatura en general, e histrica en particular, que prestan atencin al impacto, a la importancia de Los textos en la generacin de las diferentes realidades del poder y en la construccin de una tradicin franco-carolingia, basada en la produccin histrica y literaria de La "renovacin cultural carolingia", caracterizada, segn Robert Morrisey, por Los fuertes lazos que vinculan la pica y la teologa con la historia. En este contexto, dicha renovacin cultural constituye el legado por excelencia de la tradicin carolingia, legado que no debe interpretarse como homogneo sino todo lo contrario, ya que merece ser considerado en toda su heterogeneidad y amplitud, reconociendo la existencia de "focos culturales" que sustituyen la idea de unidad cultural entendida como centralidad. Contacto: karphal yahoo.

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The distinctive sound of his music derived in part from his association with St. Through his compositions and his work with several significant pupils, Gabrieli substantially influenced the development of music in the 17th century.

Very little is known about his early years; he probably studied with his famous uncle Andrea Gabrieli , who was also a composer, and organist at St. Soon after that Gabrieli returned to Italy, and in became the organist for the Scuola Grande di San Rocco, a religious confraternity; he would hold that post for the rest of his life.

That same year , Gabrieli became organist at St. At that time, Venice was a very cosmopolitan city and something of a musical crossroads. Gabrieli also became one of the first composers to write choral works including parts for instrumental ensembles; the motet In ecclesiis, as an example, calls for two choirs, soloists, organ, brass, and strings. Gabrieli wrote a number of secular vocal works most or all of them before , and a number of pieces for organ in a quasi-improvisational style.

Gabrieli composed many purely instrumental works in forms such as the canzoni and ricercari, which had become increasingly popular in the sixteenth century. Several of these were published with some of his choral music in the collection Sacrae symphoniae Some of these works were particularly innovative: the Sonata pian e forte was one of the first documented compositions to employ dynamic markings, and the Sonata per tre violini was one of the first to use a basso continuo, anticipating the later trio sonata.

His instrumental works are now seen as the culmination of the development of instrumental music in the sixteenth century. From around , Gabrieli suffered from a kidney stone that reduced his activities, and eventually led to his death.


Giovanni Gabrieli

See Article History Giovanni Gabrieli, born ? Giovanni Gabrieli studied with his uncle, Andrea Gabrieli , whom he regarded with almost filial affection. Giovanni also served —79 under Orlando di Lasso in Munich. In he returned to Venice and a year later succeeded his uncle as second organist of St. Like his uncle, he usually conceived the music for separated choirs but showed an increasing tendency to specify which instruments were to be used and which choirs were to consist of soloists and full choir, as well as to distinguish the musical style of each, thus initiating a completely new approach to the creation of musical colour and orchestration. In the well-known Sonata pian e forte, for eight instruments, directions to play loud and soft are given.


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