When the Spaniard came in the 16th century, they found the art flourishing in many part of Pilipino archipelago. The pioneers and experts of this art were the rajahs and royalties of the Visayan and Tagalog regions, the Amandakwa of Pangasinan, and the Banuwang in the Cagayan area. During the pre-Spanish period, the Filipino called the art by many different names, depending on the geographic region. In Central Luzon Pampanga it was called Sinawali. Historical records reveal that is about BC, Indonesia was a part of of the kingdom of Sri Visayan and Majapahit which also rule the Philippine.
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When the Spaniard came in the 16th century, they found the art flourishing in many part of Pilipino archipelago. The pioneers and experts of this art were the rajahs and royalties of the Visayan and Tagalog regions, the Amandakwa of Pangasinan, and the Banuwang in the Cagayan area. During the pre-Spanish period, the Filipino called the art by many different names, depending on the geographic region.
In Central Luzon Pampanga it was called Sinawali. Historical records reveal that is about BC, Indonesia was a part of of the kingdom of Sri Visayan and Majapahit which also rule the Philippine. It is possible that the 10 Datus masters from Borneo who come to the island of Panay in the central Philippines during the 13th century were part of this kingdom.
When the Malays reached the Philippine island, they brought their long blade weapons with them. The art was perfected and became rooted into the Filipino culture. Thus, when the Spaniard came to colonize the islands, KALI was already the standard fighting art of the early Filipinos.
Aside from the bladed weapon, the early Filipinos also carried a pointed hardwood stick hardened by fire.
In , more than 43 years after Ferdinand Magellan came to the Philippines, Spanish conquistador Miguel Lopez De Legaspi and armed Spanish soldiers were amazed that the Filipinos practiced stick fighting similar to the English form of sword and dagger Espada Y Daga. When Legaspi landed at Abuyog, Leyte in February , he and his troops were honored with a feast by Maltik, the popular ruler of Leyte.
They were treated to exhibitions of different types of native dances, fights and KALI stick fighting. The few who survived the revolt attested to the masterful art of cane fighting they had seen. Thereafter, KALI was practiced in secrecy, or disguised as ceremonial dances and plays. ARNIS nowadays is popularity played with the used of canes which are less dangerous than bladed weapons.
And contrary to the belief that an ARNIS practitioner is defenseless without the stick, ARNIS could be applied to any weapon, be it a ball pen, an umbrella or even bare hands, simply because the weapon is only an extension of the hand which executes the method of the art. Dela Cruz is a native of Santa Rita, Pampanga. At a young age, he started learning and practicing boxing and the art of arnis.
He also studied karate, learning the Okinawan style in Angeles City. He continued his study of the art of karate in Manila at the Lajoka Makiwara where he earned his black belt. He joined karate competitions and took the bronze medal in the fly weight division at a tournament held at the Rizal Memorial Stadium organized under the sponsorship of the Philippine Karate Association.
He was the Open Weight division champion in arnis tournament sponsored by the Modern Arnis Federation.
Guerrero Arnis De Mano
The 3R are developed through a systematic training methodology that is incorporated in the 5th Pillar of Arnis - Paghahanda. Each practitioner needs to develop the 3R, lacking one will make the practitioner ineffective in combat, sparring and self-Defence scenarios as each one is dependent to the other. One can have a good reflex and reaction, but if it is sequential or numerada numbers or in sequence in nature then it may not be useful in a combat scenario as combat is very random in nature. The Mindset: multi-style, multi-weapon, multi-range The capability to utilise different styles, different weapons and different ranges as and when needed is the very core of Guerrero Arnis de Mano. As opposed to other systems that focuses only on specific style, weapon and range, Guerrero Arnis de Mano treats each style, weapon, and range with equal importance and applicability.
Arnis de mano: Filipino Stick Fighting
It was said that to proclaim a student a "master" was considered ridiculous and a virtual death warrant as the individual would become challenged left and right to potentially lethal duels by other Arnisadores looking to make names for themselves. Belt ranking was a recent addition adopted from Japanese arts such as Karate and Judo , which had become more popular with Filipinos. They were added to give structure to the systems, and to be able to compete for the attention of students. With regards to its spread outside the Philippines, Arnis was brought to Hawaii and California as far back as the s by Filipino migrant workers. Even then, instructors teaching Arnis in the s and 70s were often reprimanded by their elders for publicly teaching a part of their culture that had been preserved through secrecy. He ran seminars with the help of other masters such as Maurice Novoa a Wing Chun instructor. As a result, many systems of Arnis have been modified in varying degrees to make them more marketable to a worldwide audience.
This type of martial art most probably uses stick or bladed weapon during the training and fighting. Arnis de Mano is known to have different names within the various areas in the Philippines. Some of its names are pananadata, escrima, kali, pagkalikali, didya at garote. All of those names definitely have the same definition as with its universal name, arnis de mano. As of now, it is still being widely practiced in most of the province in the Philippines most especially in the province of Cebu.