The fur is colored brown or gray on the top; the bottom side is brighter. In a few species, the faces have four light-colored stripes. The patagium , the skin between the legs, is very small, and they lack a tail — a general characteristic of the fruit bats. The ears are acuminated and like many other leaf-nosed bats the nose bears a small, sharp leaf which is used for echolocation. Geographical distribution and habitat[ edit ] Neotropical fruit bats are found in an area that reaches from the north of Mexico and the Bahamas , to northern Argentina , the Caribbean islands included.
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Description[ edit ] Flat-faced fruit-eating bats are moderately sized bats, with adults measuring 8 to 11 centimetres 3. The fur is brownish-grey over most of the body, becoming grey on the underparts, although there are faint whitish stripes on the face.
As their name suggests, the bats have a broad skull with a short snout. The ears are triangular, with rounded tips, although short compared with those of many other bats, and with a small tragus. The snout bears a prominent triangular nose-leaf. The wings are dark brown or blackish, with white tips. A well-developed uropatagium stretches between the legs, but there is no visible tail.
Three subspecies are currently recognised:  Artibeus planirostris planirostris - eastern Brazil , Paraguay Artibeus planirostris fallax - southern Venezuela and Colombia , the Guyanas , through central and western Brazil to eastern Bolivia and extreme northern Argentina Artibeus planirostris hercules - eastern Peru , eastern Ecuador Behaviour and biology[ edit ] Flat-faced fruit-eating bats are nocturnal and herbivorous.
They feed almost entirely on fruit, although they may also eat small quantities of insects and mites. Gestation lasts at least three and a half months, and results in the birth of a single young.
Flat-faced fruit-eating bat
Artibeus planirostris (Spix, 1823)