CATAPHORA ANAPHORA PDF

Anaphora Definition of Anaphora Anaphora is a literary and rhetorical device in which a word or group of words is repeated at the beginning of two or more successive clauses or sentences. This technique adds emphasis and unity to the clauses. Difference Between Anaphora and Epiphora Anaphora and epiphora also known as epistrophe are related concepts in that they both are techniques involving repetition. While the definition of anaphora is that the repetition comes at the beginning of adjacent clauses, repetition in epiphora comes at the end of clauses.

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Anaphora Definition of Anaphora Anaphora is a literary and rhetorical device in which a word or group of words is repeated at the beginning of two or more successive clauses or sentences. This technique adds emphasis and unity to the clauses. Difference Between Anaphora and Epiphora Anaphora and epiphora also known as epistrophe are related concepts in that they both are techniques involving repetition. While the definition of anaphora is that the repetition comes at the beginning of adjacent clauses, repetition in epiphora comes at the end of clauses.

If these two devices are used together, the effect is called symploce. Common Examples of Anaphora Many orators and politicians use anaphora in their speeches to reinforce certain ideas and to make them stand out to the audience.

One of the most famous examples of anaphora in a speech is from Martin Luther King Jr. In fact, the anaphora is so famous that it has retroactively become the name of the speech: I have a dream. I am the danger. A guy opens his door and gets shot and you think that of me? I am the one who knocks! Anaphora is most commonly found in poetry, though it can be found in prose as well. Since anaphora uses redundancy to dramatic effect, editors of academic writing and journalism would not approve of it.

Thus, anaphora works against these more formal styles of writing and is used to create rhythm and emphasis in a poetic fashion.

The sentence creates wonder in the reader to find out how these are both and best and worst of times, the age of wisdom and foolishness, and so on. The anaphora propels the reader forward into the narrative and the world that Dickens is setting up. Have you felt so proud to get at the meaning of poems? Stop this day and night with me and you shall possess the origin of all poems, You shall possess the good of the earth and sun, there are millions of suns left, You shall no longer take things at second or third hand, nor look through the eyes of the dead, nor feed on the spectres in books, You shall not look through my eyes either, nor take things from me, You shall listen to all sides and filter them from your self.

Example 3 I have been one acquainted with the night. I have walked out in rain—and back in rain. I have outwalked the furthest city light. I have looked down the saddest city lane. I have passed by the watchman on his beat And dropped my eyes, unwilling to explain. The poem is dark and despairing, and this example of anaphora reinforces the desolate mood. Example 4 And the places on her body have no names.

And their clothes on the floor are arranged for forgetfulness. There is a sense of mystery in the way the poet has grouped these three lines, with their three similar yet competing images. The anaphora encourages readers to make connections between these different images.

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Anaphora (linguistics)

Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. Adjective: anaphoric. The word that gets its meaning from a preceding word or phrase is called an anaphor. Some linguists use anaphora as a generic term for both forward and backward reference. The term forward s anaphora is equivalent to cataphora.

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Anaphora in Grammar

Cataphora is a type of anaphora , although the terms anaphora and anaphor are sometimes used in a stricter sense, denoting only cases where the order of the expressions is the reverse of that found in cataphora. An example of cataphora in English is the following sentence: When he arrived home, John went to sleep. In this sentence, the pronoun he the cataphor appears earlier than the noun John the postcedent that it refers to. This is the reverse of the more normal pattern, "strict" anaphora, where a referring expression such as John or the soldier appears before any pronouns that reference it. Both cataphora and anaphora are types of endophora. After he had received his orders, the soldier left the barracks. If you want them, there are cookies in the kitchen.

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Cataphora in English Grammar

Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. Richard Nordquist Updated June 19, In English grammar , cataphora is the use of a pronoun or other linguistic unit to refer ahead to another word in a sentence i. Adjective: cataphoric. Cataphora in English Grammar The word that gets its meaning from a subsequent word or phrase is called a cataphor. The subsequent word or phrase is called the antecedent , referent, or head. Anaphora vs. Cataphora Some linguists use anaphora as a generic term for both forward and backward reference.

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