CHINGIZ AITMATOV PDF

He achieved major recognition with the collection of short stories Povesti gor i stepey ; Tales of the Mountains and Steppes , for which he was awarded the Lenin Prize in Although Aytmatov composed in both Russian and Kyrgyz, many of his works, which are predominantly long short stories and novellas, were originally written in the latter language. Major themes in these works are love and friendship, the trials and heroism of wartime, and the emancipation of Kyrgyz youth from restrictive custom and tradition. He also cowrote, with Kaltai Mukhamedzhanov, Voskhozhdenie na Fudziyamu first performed ; The Ascent of Mount Fuji , a play considered provocative during the Soviet era for its examination of the themes of authority and dissent. Aytmatov, ChingizChingiz Aytmatov, Bubamara Aytmatov was made a member of the Supreme Soviet of the U.

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Share via Email The Kyrgyz writer Chingiz Aitmatov, who has died aged 79, was the most celebrated representative of Kyrgyzstan, a landlocked, mountainous nation of 5 million people in the heart of central Asia, which was a Soviet republic until A bilingual and bicultural writer, Aitmatov wrote his prose and plays in both his native Kyrgyz and in Russian, and was translated into more than languages.

Described as a "magical socialist-realist" in the Russian press, he was able to combine elements of Kyrgyz folk-tales and epics with formally traditional Russian realism.

A beneficiary of the thaw, the cultural liberalisation which took place under Nikita Khrushchev, he became a world-famous author in the s while still writing in Kyrgyz, gradually switching to Russian in the mids to became one of the most eloquent practitioners of the language.

Aitmatov was deeply in love with his native land and lore, but he was also a Soviet patriot and a true internationalist. He was born in the village of Sheker, in the Talas region of Kyrgyzstan at the foothills of the Tien Shan mountains, near the Chinese border.

His father was a Kyrgyz and his mother a Tartar. In childhood, Aitmatov was familiar with ancient tribal customs and the nomadic life of his people, but it is to his mother he owed the exposure to Russian literature and culture which led to his harmonious assimilation of two cultures, the poetic synthesis of which became the secret of his art.

When Aitmatov was just nine years old, his childhood was marred by a deep tragedy that affected the rest of his life: his father Torekul, one of the first Kyrgyz communists and a regional party secretary, was arrested in and executed on a charge of "bourgeois nationalism".

Before embarking on his writing career, Aitmatov studied animal husbandry and agriculture at the agricultural institute in the Kyrgyz capital, Frunze now calledBishkek. His first short story translated into Russian appeared in , the year he graduated. In the same year, he published Jamila, the tale that brought him international acclaim. A communist true-believer, he never shied away from exploring and exposing in his prose the darkest aspects of Soviet reality, just as he tackled the issue of drug abuse and drug-related crime in his bestselling novel of the perestroika period, The Scaffold He was not a political dissenter but possessed an honest heart and melancholy philosophical mind, and tended to attribute the shortcomings of Soviet reality not to the evils of the political system, but to the inherent flaws of human nature, which the system was expected to correct.

But until that happy day arrived he tended to show the world as he saw it: full of bigotry, prejudice, cruelty, sexism, patriarchal brutality, and general lack of harmony in the way people treat each other. All this is punctuated by beautiful scenes of human kindness, wisdom, love and devotion, set against the background of the stunning central Asian landscape which he poetically evoked.

Several of his stories were turned into popular movies. Aitmatov was working on the set of a film based on his science-fiction-infused philosophical parable The Day Lasts More Than a Hundred Years when he was stricken by his illness.

Turkey nominated him - as a writer in a Turkic language - for the Nobel prize for literature. He is survived by his wife, Maria; a brother, Ilgez; a sister, Roza; a daughter; and three sons, one of whom, Askar, was foreign minister of Kyrgyzstan from to

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Chingiz Aytmatov

Share via Email The Kyrgyz writer Chingiz Aitmatov, who has died aged 79, was the most celebrated representative of Kyrgyzstan, a landlocked, mountainous nation of 5 million people in the heart of central Asia, which was a Soviet republic until A bilingual and bicultural writer, Aitmatov wrote his prose and plays in both his native Kyrgyz and in Russian, and was translated into more than languages. Described as a "magical socialist-realist" in the Russian press, he was able to combine elements of Kyrgyz folk-tales and epics with formally traditional Russian realism. A beneficiary of the thaw, the cultural liberalisation which took place under Nikita Khrushchev, he became a world-famous author in the s while still writing in Kyrgyz, gradually switching to Russian in the mids to became one of the most eloquent practitioners of the language. Aitmatov was deeply in love with his native land and lore, but he was also a Soviet patriot and a true internationalist. He was born in the village of Sheker, in the Talas region of Kyrgyzstan at the foothills of the Tien Shan mountains, near the Chinese border.

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Chingiz Aitmatov

Life[ edit ] He was born to a Kyrgyz father and Tatar mother. In , his father was charged with " bourgeois nationalism " in Moscow , arrested and executed in The future author studied at a Soviet school in Sheker. He also worked from an early age. At fourteen, he was an assistant to the Secretary at the Village Soviet. In , he began studying at the Animal Husbandry Division of the Kirghiz Agricultural Institute in Frunze , but later switched to literary studies at the Maxim Gorky Literature Institute in Moscow, where he lived from

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