FRIDTJOF NANSEN FARTHEST NORTH PDF

Early life Nansen went to school in Kristiania Oslo , where in he passed his entrance examination to the university. He chose to study zoology in the expectation that fieldwork would give him the chance of an outdoor life and enable him to make use of his artistic talents. Although scientific work was always closest to his heart, he first attained fame as an explorer. As a young man Nansen was a great outdoor athlete, an accomplished skater and skier, and a keen hunter and fisherman.

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Early life Nansen went to school in Kristiania Oslo , where in he passed his entrance examination to the university. He chose to study zoology in the expectation that fieldwork would give him the chance of an outdoor life and enable him to make use of his artistic talents. Although scientific work was always closest to his heart, he first attained fame as an explorer. As a young man Nansen was a great outdoor athlete, an accomplished skater and skier, and a keen hunter and fisherman.

It occurred to him that it ought to be possible to cross it, and gradually he developed a plan, which he announced in Instead of starting from the inhabited west coast, he would start from the east coast and, by cutting off his means of retreat, would force himself to go forward.

The expedition of six from Norway started the crossing on August 15, After enduring storms and intense cold, they reached the highest point of the journey 8, feet [2, metres] on September 5 and struck the west coast at Ameralik fjord on September The party returned home in triumph in May In Nansen presented before the Norwegian Geographical Society a plan for an even more hazardous expedition.

Having collected evidence showing that the ice of the polar sea drifted from Siberia toward Spitsbergen, he proposed to build a ship of such a shape that it would be lifted but not crushed when caught by the ice.

He proposed to let this ship freeze in off eastern Siberia in order to be carried from there across the Arctic Ocean to Spitsbergen by the currents. Though his plan was severely criticized by contemporary Arctic explorers, the Norwegian Parliament granted two-thirds of the estimated expenses, and the rest was raised by subscriptions from King Oscar II and private individuals.

His ship, Fram i. Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today With a complement of 13 men, the Fram sailed from Kristiania on June 24, It bore the pressure of the ice perfectly. As they approached the northern islands, progress was hampered by open water and, because of the advanced season, they wintered on Frederick Jackson Island named by Nansen after the British Arctic explorer , where they stayed from August 26, , to May 19, They built a hut of stone and covered it with a roof of walrus hides and lived during the winter mainly on polar bear and walrus meat, using the blubber as fuel.

Nansen and his companions on board the Fram were given a rousing welcome, which reached its climax on their arrival in Kristiania on September 9. His two-volume account of the expedition, Fram over Polhavet Farthest North , appeared in Many of these traits can be recognized in his scientific writings. In he was appointed curator of zoology at the Bergen museum.

He wrote papers on zoological and histological subjects, illustrated by excellent drawings. Though the paper contained so many novel interpretations that the committee that had to examine it accepted it with doubt, it is now considered a classic. Nansen, FridtjofFridtjof Nansen, During — he devoted most of his time and energy to scientific work. He edited the report of the scientific results of his expedition and himself wrote some of the most important parts.

In he joined the Michael Sars on a cruise in the Norwegian Sea. In he made a cruise in the Fridtjof through the northeastern North Atlantic; in he visited the Spitsbergen waters on board his own yacht Veslemoy; and in he joined B.

Helland-Hansen on an oceanographic cruise to the Azores in the Armauer Hansen. He published the results of his cruises in numerous papers, partly in cooperation with Helland-Hansen. His lasting contributions to oceanography comprise improvement and design of instruments, explanation of the wind-driven currents of the seas, discussions of the waters of the Arctic, and explanation of the manner in which deep- and bottom-water is formed.

Fridtjof Nansen.

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Shelves: non-fiction "The spirit of mankind will never rest till every spot of these regions has been trodden by the foot of man, till every enigma has been solved. Theirs is an incredible story of resilience, resourcefulness, and "The spirit of mankind will never rest till every spot of these regions has been trodden by the foot of man, till every enigma has been solved. Theirs is an incredible story of resilience, resourcefulness, and camaraderie, and Nansen tells it beautifully. His writing is poetic, insightful, and revealing-- he gives us access to all of his hopes and fears, his longing for home, his need to explore and understand. He brings us along at every step of his remarkable journey: his careful preparation and his anxious and hopeful departure, when he felt keenly the weight of the hopes of an entire nation; his life on the ice aboard the Fram, with all of the poetry of the polar nights and the Arctic silence; his incredible year-long journey across the ice to 86 degrees North, on a dog sled and a handmade kayak; his triumphant and emotional return to a nation that would forever cherish him. This book is a gift. The Polar Sea.

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Fridtjof Nansen

Unseen and untrodden under their spotless mantle of ice the rigid polar regions slept the profound sleep of death from the earliest dawn of time. Wrapped in his white shroud, the mighty giant stretched his clammy ice-limbs abroad, and dreamed his age-long dreams. Ages passed—deep was the silence. Then, in the dawn of history, far away in the south, the awakening spirit of man reared its head on high and gazed over the earth. To the south it encountered warmth, to the north, cold; and behind the boundaries of the unknown it placed in imagination the twin kingdoms of consuming heat and of deadly cold.

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Farthest North

Artefacts found on the coast of Greenland were identified to have come from the Jeannette expedition. Mohn surmised the location of the artefacts indicated the existence of an ocean current from east to west, all the way across the polar sea and possibly over the pole itself. He made his idea public in February , at a meeting of the newly-formed Norwegian Geographical Society. Previous expeditions, he argued, approached the North Pole from the west and failed because they were working against the prevailing east-west current; the secret was to work with the current. A workable plan would require a sturdy and manoeuvrable small ship, capable of carrying fuel and provisions for twelve men for five years. Additional funding was secured through a national appeal for private donations. Archer designed an extraordinarily sturdy vessel with an intricate system of crossbeams and braces of the toughest oak timbers.

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