SAIVAM AND VAINAVAM PDF

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Krishnaism becomes associated with bhakti yoga in the medieval period. The Bhagavad Gita was incorporated into the Mahabharata as a key text for Krishnaism. Their poems show a pronounced orientation to the Vaishnava, and often Krishna, side of Mal.

But they do not make the distinction between Krishna and Vishnu on the basis of the concept of the Avatars. After the Gupta age, Krishnaism rose to a major current of Vaishnavism, [17] and Vaishnavism developed into various sects and subsects, most of them emphasizing bhakti, which was strongly influenced by south Indian religiosity [35].

Modern scholarship posit Nimbarkacharya c. Vaishnavism in the 8th century came into contact with the Advaita doctrine of Adi Shankara.

Many of the early Vaishnava scholars such as Nathamuni, Yamunacharya and Ramanuja, contested the Advaita Vedanta doctrines and proposed Vishnu bhakti ideas instead. The temples that the Alvars visited or founded are now known as Divya Desams.

Their poems in praise of Vishnu and Krishna in Tamil language are collectively known as Naalayira Divya Prabandha divine verses. Even Meera bai princess of Mehwar and Rajasthan took part in this specific movement. Historically, it was Chaitanya Mahaprabhu who founded congregational chanting of holy names of Krishna in the early 16th century after becoming a sannyasi.

Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada in According to Schweig, it is a "polymorphic monotheism, i.

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